In 2020, there are about 50 diverse electric motors present in the market. Over half of them are manufactured by mainstream vehicle manufacturers such as BMW, Tesla, Renault, Audi, Hyundai, and Volkswagen. That huge figure is linked to that registered in the 2010s, where only 50% of electric vehicles were available in the market. Going back in the 1990s where many firms were manufacturing the electric cars, we see that the electric vehicle market has progressed at an impressive rate in less than thirty years.
Let us discuss electric vehicles that powered the market back in the 1990s
- CHRYSLER TEVAN (1993-1995)
TEVan was manufactured between 1993 to 1995, and it was the second type of Town and Country semi van. The vehicle features a nickel-cadmium battery container. During that period, Lithium-ion batteries were not available. Those batteries present produced 48kW electric car power that, in turn, produced 65 horsepower. The car could go for 80 miles upon a single charge; however, the actual ratings were near 60 miles.
The TEVan was rather primitive as compared to presently manufactured electric vehicles. Chrysler built 56 parts and traded out them for $120,000 to each EV services.
- SOLECTRIA FORCE (1995-1997)
The Solectria motor is known for lightweight composition. The Metro was installed with a lead-acid battery container, an AC motor composed of three stages, and a single-speed gearbox.
The Solectria vehicle was able to go for top speeds of about 70 mph, and it only required nine seconds to increase the speed from zero to fifty mph. That range was high as 80 miles at a stable velocity of about 45 mph.
The vehicle also included a reproductive braking structure. Approximately 400 cars were transformed and given out as preliminary operation or just traded to consumers.
- SOLECTRIA SUNRISE (1996)
The Sunrise vehicle was more of an aerodynamic than the Geo Metro, where it comprised of covered rear wheels and double-door coupe design. The Sunrise’s appearance was manufactured from lightweight compound material, making the car grind a coefficient of 0.17. the car combined a 50-kW electric vehicle with a nickel-metal hydride battery.
The car drove for about 217 miles from Boston to New York City without charging the battery again. That made the vehicle go for more than 300 miles journey on the alone charge.
The sad part is that Sunrise did not make it to the production because various small prototypes manufactured were tested.
- GENERAL MOTORS EV1 (1996-1999)
This is the most notable and iconic Electric Vehicle from 1990s. Well, mainly this is because it was the foremost Electric vehicle for the public use from the key car maker. In addition, it became a discussion of a documentary movie that was entitled ‘Who killed Electric car?’ This film went on to claim that EV1 system was cut short as it posed threat to the oil industry. EV1 was launched in 1996 and it had two door layout as well as an aerodynamic body.