Currently, the UK Wind Power accounts for almost 30% of all productions of electricity. Wind turbines constructed on grounds now produce an affordable form of energy. A wind farm can help cut off greenhouse productions by using fossil fuels to produce electricity.
However, the question remains still; what of those wind turbines constructed on top of sensitive natural grounds? Does low-carbon energy help cut off emissions by effectively trapping Carbon and prevent it from leaking into the atmosphere?
In a recently conducted research, wind farms in Spain are constructed on unique peat bogs that preserve vast amounts of planet-warming Carbon. Since those environments are poorly located, there is a golden chance to look at it as it seems that the same mistake is being made in many other regions throughout Europe and the UK.
Europe’s Unmapped Peatlands in Peril
In a definition, Peatlands are a natural carbon sink that contains 20 percent of the stored Carbon in soils globally. Since some Peatlands cannot be located, many have not considered as much as they play a vital role in reducing climate change. Blanket bogs are uncommon and distinctive types of peatland, which covers whole landscapes with unique vegetation. They are made up of cotton grass, Sphagnum mosses, and heather, and it is an active species for storing Carbon.
In the UK and Ireland, blanket bogs cover massive extensions and are a vital part of the landscape in flow Country, an area found in the north of Scotland, in the north and the south of Pennines in England. In Spain or France, that type of environment is not common, although the research unleashed 14 unrecorded and bare blanket bogs found in northern Spain, representing the southernmost part of Europe.
Peatlands and blanket bogs, to be specific, face many pressures all over Europe. Some of these include; burning as a way of improving grazing and provide clean fields for sports activities, overgrazing, drainage to allow planting of crops and commercial forests, developments of wind farms, among others. Such events can change the natural working of Peatlands entirely from reducing climate change and become sources of leaking greenhouse gases.
Wind farms are the best ways to produce clean energy; however, the point they are constructed requires careful consideration. It sounds sardonic when one of the artificial types of equipment fighting climate change turns into the obstructive tool if it interferes with another native resolution to the crisis.